The region of Sparta has been inhabited already for 4000 years. King Otto of Greece founded modern Sparta in 1836. He was the first Greek king after independence.
It is impossible to miss the statue of Leonidas, whom we will meet again at the Thermopylae. His heroic fight represents the military strength of ancient Sparta.
Sparta was the only Greek Polis that had no defensive walls until the Hellenistic period, as the city’s troops were strong enough to fend off an attack.
Nearby a monument commemorates all the great Greek Olympic champions since the beginning of the Games.
On the former Acropolis, we see only a few remains of the ancient city like the ruins of a Stoa and a theater from the Roman Empire.
Sparta always polarized the people. Here one trained the young men to unconditional fight.
On the other hand, one can find the first state order with separation of powers here; the great Rhetra, a document on Greek constitutional history that institutionalized political processes.
The Acropolis offers a beautiful view of the Byzantine fortified city of Mystras. The construction of Mystras led to the desolation of ancient Sparta.
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