Aguntum, east of Lienz, in East Tyrol lies in the broad embouchure valley of the Isel into the Drava River.
The region was already populated around 2.200 B.C., later it was settled by the Celts. A first great upswing of the region came along when the Romans secured the northern border along the Danube by the limes.
The Romans declared Aguntum the Municipium together with Teurnia and Iuvavum, today’s Salzburg. All cities were located at the highways developed by the Romans.
A copy the Tabula Peutingeriana, a Roman road map which represents the known world at that time, is displayed in the modern museum of Aguntum.
The prosperity of the population can be estimated by looking at the excavated thermal spring and the magnificent marble basin, which is unique in Austria.
From the 3rd Century it became again more dangerous for the population due to the invasions of the Alemanni. At that time the city walls had been equipped with powerful towers. The uncertainty led to a change, primarily in the religious customs. Christianity found its way and also Aguntum became a bishopric.
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