Baden in Lower Austria lies at the thermal line, a tectonic fracture edge, in the west of the Vienna Basin.
Here you find numerous bathing and health resorts. Due to the subsidence of the lowlands, small seismic events occur frequently at the edge and hot and sulfurous thermal springs partly reach the surface.
Baden near Vienna is the best known spa of the region. Already the Romans valued the salutary effect of sulfur sources. Emperor Franz I and many well-known composers spent their summers in the Biedermeier style town. The residential buildings of Beethoven and Grillparzer are specially marked.
The spa garden and the municipal theatre form the backdrop for numerous operetta performances.
On the way further south we pass Bad Voeslau, which also gained prominence because of the thermal springs and mineral water.
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