Chongqing is a direct-controlled municipality and thus equal to Peking, Tianjin and Shanghai. With 33 million inhabitants, it is the gateway to the western regions of China.
In only very rare cases you can see a clear sky. Chongqing is thus referred to as the City of Smog. Due to its relatively high air humidity, the climate is often hot and humid.
In summer, temperatures often surpass 104° F, and then everything is closed due to the heat wave.
Chongqing shows the dramatic development of China’s economy like no other city. Founded more than 4000 years ago, a direct-controlled municipality in 1997, it is estimated that Chongqing will surpass the economic power of Shanghai in 5 years, and surpass Hong Kong in 15 years. In contrast to this, we visited a local fish and meat market, which was not quite up to our standards.
The center of Chongqing, a sea of high-rise buildings, is located on a peninsula on the mouth of the Jialing Jiang in the Yangtze River. The Eling Mountain provides the best view. Chongqing itself is spread out over several hills, which explains why it’s also called the Mountain City.
During the war against Japan, the small island in the Yangtze served as a land bridge for American supplies to support the Chinese Nationals. Because of this support, the road to Burma could be made free again in battle. The Stilwell Museum – to honor the American general – is a reminder of this event.
Chongqing is the center of the metal-working and automobile industry. Oil and gas also contribute to the economic upswing of the city. With 90 universities, Chongqing is also one of the most important educational centers in China.
Thanks to the hilly landscape of Chongqing, not many bicycles are seen. But there are many shoulder carriers which helps limit the amount of automobile traffic.
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