Mycenae lies strategically well-protected on a hill from which one can overlook the lowlands of Argos. The city was surrounded by a curtain wall made of massive monoliths with a weight of up to 12 tons.
The famous Lion Gate is the entrance for the enormous inrush of tourists crowding the hill.
Right next to the gate is the Grave Circle A, which was once discovered by Heinrich Schliemann. Among many other grave goods he found the fantastic gold mask of Agamemnon. On the peak of the hill the throne room is still dimly recognizable.
1.000 BC the economic system of the Palace of Mycenae collapsed, but unlike Tyrins, Mycenae remained inhabited continuously up to the 5th century BC until it was finally destroyed by Argos. In the back part of the fastening is the real treasure of Mycenae, an underground cistern in which the water of a nearby source was collected. One needs artificial light to walk-down the steep stairs to the bottom of the cistern.
In front the gates of the ancient city you see huge tholos tombs but their burial chambers are all empty. Up to now 9 of these graves – described as treasure houses – were found.
A museum shows many artefacts or copies. The Mask of Agamemnon is only one copy, the original is in the National Museum in Athens, but this is not detrimental to the beauty
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