Innsbruck, the capital of the federal state Tyrol is the fifth largest city in Austria with more than 121.300 inhabitants
The first traces of settlements in the Innsbruck date back to the Neolithic.1420 Duke Frederick IV, nicknamed “with empty pockets”, made Innsbruck his residence and had the Hofgarten, a protected park, laid out.
After the death of Frederick IV, his son Sigismund, called in Tyrol the rich in coin, was under the guardianship of his uncle Kaiser Frederick III. who could make good use of the income of rich Tyrol for a long time.
Only after the Tyroleans threatened him with the rebellion, Sigismund 1446 could take over the reign. Due to his dissipated lifestyle the same persons, however, forced Sigismund 1490 to resign and king Maximilian I. took over the government and became Emperor in 1493.
Innsbruck owes Maximilian I. the Golden Roof, a magnificent oriel with 2,657 fire-gilded copper tiles, which he had built at the turn of the century, to create a striking symbol of the golden age which was to begin. Today it is the landmark of city.
Innsbruck was venue of the Olympic Winter Games in 1964 and in 1976.
At Bergisel, the local mountain of Innsbruck, a statue reminds of Andreas Hofer, whom his ultimate loyalty to the emperor, at the end cost his life.
Ferdinand II purchased and rebuilt Ambrass Castle, in the southeast of Innsbruck, for his Chamber of Art and Curiosities as well as his portrait and armouries collection.
- The Hofkirche – Court Church – with the tomb of Maximilian I is in the center of Innsbruck, right on the outskirts of the old town.
- If you want to see more of the the surrounding, take the Nordkettenbahnen. The Innsbruck Cable Car brings you to the Nordkette mountain. You can stand on one of its peaks within an hour from leaving the city center.
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Dieser Beitrag in: Deutsch