The area around the town of Poechlarn was already populated 6.000 years ago. Here, the Romans erected a fort. The place is known as ancestral castle of Rüdiger of Bechelaren in the Song of the Nibelungs.
Only a few kilometers away is Melk with its famous Melk Abbey. Originally there was a castle, which Margrave Leopold I from the House of Babenberg made his residence after he had been enfeoffed by Emperor Otto II of Lower Austria with this area in 976.
Thus begins the chapter of Austrian history which ends with the Imperial and Royal Monarchy.
During the tenure of his successor, Margrave Henry I, Ostarrîchi was mentioned the first time and St. Koloman, the son of an Irish king was executed. The stoning took place in Stockerau and he was buried in Melk. Probably the existence of such an important tomb led to the founding of the Melk Abbey.
The abbey in its present form was built by the baroque architect Jakob Prandtauer and is famous for its valuable furnishing.
Not far from Melk is Schallaburg Castle, one of the most beautiful Renaissance castles in Austria. It is frequently used for major traveling exhibitions and in 2006 one could visit “Genghis Khan and his Heirs – The Empire of the Mongols”.
Along apricot orchards we reach Duernstein, where Richard I Lionheart of England was kept prisoner in the Castle.
Please read on > Laxenburg and Mayerling
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